Supporting Syrian refugees not only an act ‘of generosity’ but also of ‘enlightened self-interest’ says UN chief

Supporting Syrian refugees not only an act ‘of generosity’ but also of ‘enlightened self-interest’ says UN chief

UN Secretary-General António Guterres with students at the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan. Photo: Stephane Dujarric

UN Secretary-General António Guterres with students at the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan. Photo: Stephane Dujarric

Visiting the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan that is hosting about 80,000 Syrian refugees, the United Nations chief urged the parties to the conflict in Syria and the countries that have influence over them to realize that the crisis is not only a tragedy for Syrian people but also a threat to regional stability and global security.

“This is the moment for all countries that are involved, directly or indirectly in the conflict, to put aside their differences and understand […] the common interest from the fact that they are all threatened by the new risk of global terrorism,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres told reporters at a press conference at the camp.

“Solidarity with Syrian refugees is also a way to be able to express our capacity to guarantee global security. It’s not only an act of generosity. It’s also an act of enlightened self-interest,” he added, noting that by failing to support refugees, groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) and al Qaida could use such inactions as arguments to further their own vested interests and put global security at risk.

In his remarks, Mr. Guterres also hailed the generosity of the Government and the people of Jordan for supporting refugees despite having a vulnerable economy, and appealed for international solidarity with countries such as Jordan that have been hosting Syrian refugees.

“I hope that that if all countries that have an influence on the Syrian situation are able to come together, these refugees, [who have been living here for more than four years,] will be able to restart their lives again, to find jobs, to work, to have a normal life,” he said.

He also underscored the importance of Arab unity and said that when Arab countries are divided, it has allowed others to intervene and to manipulate situations, creating instability, breeding conflict and facilitating activities of terrorist organizations.

The UN Secretary-General further called on to the wider international community to increase their humanitarian support as well as to make sure that more opportunities are given to the refugees and to make sure that the countries that have an influence on the parties to the conflict “come together to put an end to this tragedy”.

António Guterres appointed next UN Secretary-General

The General Assembly today appointed by acclamation the former Prime Minister of Portugal, António Guterres, as the next United Nations Secretary-General, to succeed Ban Ki-moon when he steps down on 31 December.

Mr. Guterres, aged 67, was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015. He will become the world’s top diplomat on 1 January 2017, and hold that post for the next five years.

Adopting a consensus resolution put forward by its President, Peter Thomson, the Assembly acted on the recommendation on the UN Security Council, which on 6 October forwarded Mr. Guterres’ name to the 193-member body as its nominee for UN Secretary-General for a five-year period, ending 31 December 2021. Thanking the General Assembly for appointing him as the next Secretary-General, Mr. Guterres said he was grateful to the Member States for their trust in him as well as for the transparent and open selection process they undertook.

“I believe this process means that the true winner today is the credibility of the UN. And it also made very clear to me that, as Secretary-General, having been chosen by all Member States, I must be at the service of them all equally and with no agenda but the one enshrined in the UN Charter,” said Mr. Guterres.

He also underlined that alleviating the suffering of the vulnerable people, in particular the refugees and those in conflict zones, and gender equality would remain key priorities for him during his tenure.

Secretary-General-designate Guterres also reiterated his belief in the values of peace, justice, human dignity, tolerance and solidarity, as well as his belief that diversity is a “tremendous asset” and not a threat.

Mr. Guterres also applauded the work of the current Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and said that he would try his “utmost to honour” Mr. Ban’s legacy.

Ten years to the day after his own appointment as Secretary-General, Mr. Ban said: “Secretary-General-elect Guterres is well known to all of us in the hall. But he is perhaps best known where it counts most: on the frontlines of armed conflict and humanitarian suffering,” referring to his time as head of the UN refugee agency.

Noting that he has long valued his advice, and long admired his spirit of service, Mr. Ban declared: “He is a wonderful choice to steer this Organization as we build on the progress of the past decade, while addressing the insecurity and uncertainties of today’s world.”

Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava, President of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), also congratulated Mr. Guterres on his election, saying that the Secretary-General-designate “is a strong humanitarian advocate and a successful leader,” and that he looks forward to working with him.

The Assembly’s resolution also welcomed the historic process Member States set in motion late last year: the selection of a new United Nations Secretary-General, traditionally decided behind closed-doors by a few powerful countries, has for the first time in history, involved public discussions with each candidate campaigning for the world’s top diplomatic post.

These so-called ‘informal briefings’ between the candidates, UN Member States and civil society representatives kicked off on 12 April, when the first three candidates presented their ‘vision statements’ and answered questions on how they would promote sustainable development, improve efforts to create peace, protect human rights, and deal with huge humanitarian catastrophes should they be selected to lead the Organization.

Mr. Ban also praised UN Member States for the selection process and emphasized that it “opened the [selection] process to the world.”

He further noted that the new steps taken this year established a new benchmark of openness and engagement.

The selection process included, for the first time in the history of the Organization, public hearings with the General Assembly where candidates presented their vision and responded to the questions fielded by the Member States. These informal hearings were also televised and webcast.

The process started off with a joint call from the Presidents of the General Assembly and the Security Council formally soliciting candidates and from the outset, acknowledged the importance of geographic and gender balance in senior posts.

António Guterres, former UN High Commissioner for Refugees, addresses Member States regarding his candidacy for Secretary-General. UN Photo/Manuel Elias

For his part, Assembly President Thomson highlighted that the selection process underscored the principles of transparency and inclusivity.

“It was a process that specifically sought out candidates who embody a firm commitment to the purposes and principles of the [UN] Charter; who exemplify the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity; and who have proven leadership and managerial abilities, extensive experience in international relations, and strong diplomatic, communication and multilingual skills,” said Mr. Thomson in his remarks.

“I am confident that Mr. Guterres will serve the global community with dedication, as a moral authority, and be the voice of our collective conscience and humanity, throughout his term,” he added.

Assuring the Secretary-General-designate of his full support throughout the present session of the General Assembly, the body’s President stressed that he would do everything within his power to facilitate a smooth transition.

In this context, Mr. Guterres will be participating in a meeting called by President Thomson, on 19 October, to discuss with the General Assembly the critical, priority and emerging issues for the global Organization.

Favorite emerges for next UN Secretary-General

Portugal’s António Guterres emerges as favourite for next UN Secretary-General

Former Portuguese Prime Minister António Guterres has emerged as the clear favourite to become the next United Nations Secretary-General following the sixth secret ballot held today by the UN Security Council, which is expected to take a formal decision tomorrow and forward Mr. Guterres’ name to the 193-Member General Assembly for final confirmation.

António Guterres, former UN High Commissioner for Refugees, addresses Member States regarding his candidacy for Secretary-General. UN Photo/Manuel Elias

Ambassador Vitaly Churkin of Russia, which holds the Security Council presidency for the month, informed the President of the Assembly, Peter Thomson, that the sixth informal “straw poll” for the position of Secretary-General took place earlier today and António Guterres emerged as the unanimous choice among the Council’s 15 members.

Mr. Churkin said the Security Council will meet tomorrow (6 October) at 10 a.m. to take a formal vote, which is expected to pass by acclamation, the Assembly President said. That decision would then be formally submitted to the General Assembly for its consideration.

In addition to Mr. Guterres, who served as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 2005 to 2015, 12 other candidates were in the running to succeed the current UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, who leaves office at the end of the year.

Today’s decision by the Security Council brings the UN closer towards the culmination of an historic process: the selection of a new United Nations Secretary-General, traditionally decided behind closed-doors by a few powerful countries, has for the first time in history, involved public discussions with each candidate campaigning for the world’s top diplomatic post.

These so-called ‘informal briefings’ between the candidates, UN Member States and civil society representatives kicked off on 12 April, when the first three candidates presented their ‘vision statements’ and answered questions on how they would promote sustainable development, improve efforts to create peace, protect human rights, and deal with huge humanitarian catastrophes should they be selected to lead the Organization.

In addition, this past July, the UN held its first-ever globally televised and webcast townhall-style debate in the General Assembly Hall, where the confirmed candidates at the time took questions from diplomats and the public at large.

Having referred to the process as “a game changer” for the Organization, the President of the 70th General Assembly, Mogens Lykketoft said: “I am very proud that we broke new ground with unique transparency in the selection process. The two-hour presentation of each of the candidates in the General Assembly dialogues, and their collective Global Townhall debate, were important highlights and helped to include the global public in the debate about the future of the UN.”

The Week Ahead – Sept 26, 2016

The week begins after a productive UN General Assembly session that had many bright spots, including high-level meetings on migrants and refugees that brought nations closer to agreement on a range of solutions; news that the Paris Agreement on climate change should go into effect by year-end; and an agreement by all 193 member states to combat the fundamental threat of antibiotic-resistant superbugs.

While progress was made last week, bombings in New York City and in nearby New Jersey set a somber tone, and an attack on a humanitarian convoy in Aleppo – the worst since war began in Syria – intensified the outrage and frustration of world leaders and thousands of others gathered for the annual session. The bombs killed twenty people and forced the suspension of aid deliveries that had just been started again under the terms of a cease-fire agreement that already has been repeatedly violated.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was passionate in his rebuke, calling out those present who represent “governments that have ignored, facilitated, funded, participated in – or even planned and carried out – atrocities inflicted by all sides of the Syria conflict against Syrian citizens. . . The humanitarians delivering life-saving aid were heroes. Those who bombed them were cowards.”

And, in one of the most pointed speeches of his tenure, Secretary-General Ban spoke of the progress and challenges of the past decade.

 

71st UN General Assembly (9/13-26)

UNIC-Washington’s takeaways from the week (9/26)

World leaders spotlight 2030 Agenda, climate action at annual debate (9/26)

Development: 4th Annual Conference on Sustainable Development (9/20-22)

Refugees and Migrants: World leaders at UN summit adopt ‘bold’ plan to enhance protections (9/19)

·         WHO: Recognizing health as a human right for refugees and migrants (9/25)
·         UN seeks accountability for trafficking crimes in forced migration (9/23)
·         The invisible majority: helping internally displaced people (9/22)
·         UN officials underline the importance of collective action (9/19)
·         UN News Centre: In Focus Migration and Refugees

 

Climate:  Climate Week (9/19-25) – Secretary-General’s Climate Event (9/21)

·         Paris Agreement sails past milestone en route to early entry into force (9/21)
·         No time to waste as Paris climate accord crosses first thresholde (9/21)
·         For a list of emission levels by countries, please click here.

 

Antimicrobial Resistance: High-level Meeting (9/21)

 

More:  For a detailed list of UN General Assembly events and meetings, click here.

 

Of particular interest to Americans:

Obama urges world to eschew division and pursue global integration at UN Assembly (9/20)

Asia:

Myanmar’s first civilian leader to address Assembly in 50 years cites UN as inspiration (9/21)

Japanese Prime Minister Abe calls for resolute UN action against DPR Korea’s nuclear threat (9/21)

DPRK: Hostile US polices have made Korean Peninsula ‘world’s most dangerous hotspot’ (9/23)

Sustainable development facing ‘strong headwinds,’ Chinese Premier warns UN Assembly (9/21)

Dialogue and cooperation most viable path to peace, Afghan Vice-President tells UN Assembly (9/21)

Competition between countries posing serious threats to peace, Pakistan PM tells UN (9/21)

Indian Minister urges leaders to turn ‘shadow of turmoil’ into a golden age for civilization (9/26)

Middle East:

Israel’s Netanyahu says conflict is ‘not about settlements’ but existence of a Jewish State (9/22)

Palestinians still long for peace, but will never accept ‘temporary solutions,’ Abbas tells UN (9/22)

Turkey’s Erdogan challenges world leaders at UN Assembly to end bloodshed in Syria (9/20)

Serious global collaboration needed in war on terrorism, Iraqi premier tells UN Assembly (9/22)

Syrian Minister says ‘well-known’ countries to blame for spread of terrorism (9/24)

Jordan’s king warns that both Islamophobia and Islam ‘outlaws’ threaten world (9/20)

Post-9/11 security policies may be genesis of today’s borderless violent extremism: Iran (9/22)

The Americas:

Cuba cites progress with US relations but, embargo still in force means ‘a long way ahead’ (9/22)

Mexican President Peña urges global push to achieve ‘brave, demanding’ UN 2030 Agenda (9/20)

Colombian leader cites his accord with rebels as paradigm for ending civil wars worldwide (9/21)

Rather than stoke anxiety, politicians should work to improve livelihoods: Canada’s Trudeau (9/20)

Europe:

France’s Hollande urges climate action, aid for Africa and an end to Syria’s war (9/20)

United Kingdom to remain ‘outward-facing’ global partner, Prime Minister tells UN Assembly (9/20)

European leaders stress importance of international cooperation to tackle global challenges (9/22)

Leaders must decide whether to go it alone, or work together for better world: Germany (9/23)

Holy See calls: ensure UN sustainability agenda has ‘human face’ (9/22)

Russia blames Western ‘arrogance’ for bloodshed in Middle East and North Africa (9/23)

Ukraine’s President calls for UN mechanism to document aggression by Member States (9/21)

 Africa:

Kenyan Vice-President implores Security Council to take Somalia situation seriously (9/21)

West African nations committed to fighting terrorism in subregion: Liberia (9/22)

Southern African leaders underline importance of regional work for development (9/20)

Leaders from Africa’s Sahel region spotlight efforts to keep peace, combat terrorism (9/23)

UN Officials Visiting Washington:

Mr. Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, the SRSG for MINUSCA, the UN Mission in the Central African Republic, visited Capitol Hill and met with US officials in the State Department. (9/26-27)

Next week, the SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Ms. Zainab Hawa Bangura, will speak at a US Institute of Peace meeting on ISIS and Sex Slavery: How Can the International Community Move from Condemnation to Action? (10/5)

The Secretary-General:

Secretary-General attends the signing of the Peace Agreement in Colombia. (9/26)

Secretary-General’s statements from last week:

At the Security Council:

The Council held another straw poll for the selection of the new Secretary-General. (9/26) In October, its members will begin casting color-coded ballots in straw polls to indicate whether a P5 country votes to “discourage” a candidate.

New Zealand holds the presidency of the Security Council through September; Russia takes the helm in October.

Last week, the Council heard a briefing on Syria (9/21) and on counter-terrorism/aviation security. (9/22)

Around the UN System:

The International Organization for Migration – headed by career American diplomat William Swing – joined the UN to boost cooperation on the range of issues that migrants and the countries that host them face.

Human Rights Council’s 33nd session (9/13-30)

In Case You Missed It:

Syria:

Other News:

UN Reports:

Secretary-General reports and notes:

·         United Nations Decade of Sustainable Energy for All
·         Contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, intolerance
·         The situation in the Middle East
·         Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
·         Independence of judges and lawyers

·         Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction

Other reports:

International Days:

  • 26 September            International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
  • 27 September            World Tourism Day
  • 28 September            World Rabies Day
  • 29 September            World Maritime Day
  • 30 September            International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
  • 1 October                   International Day of Older Persons